African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Nairobi (Kenya) – Executive Director of the African Economic Research Consortium (AERC). He is an Associate Professor of Economics at the University of Nairobi, Kenya, and a distinguished researcher and trainer. He is the immediate former Governor of the Central Bank of Kenya, where he served for two 4-year terms, from 2007 to 2015. He has been a member of Global Advisory Council (GAC) of the World Economic Forum and a Visiting Fellow of Practice at the Blavatnik School of Government, Oxford University. Prior to his appointment as Governor, he was the Director of Training at AERC. He also worked at the International Development Research Centre of Canada in 2001 and the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis, KIPPRA in 1999. He holds a Ph.D. in economic from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. He has published widely in international journals as well as chapters in various books on economic policy issues. Currently he is a Member of the Brookings Africa Growth Initiative (AGI) Distinguished Advisory Group, a Member of the Advisory Committee of the Alliance for Financial Inclusion, AFI, that coordinates financial inclusion policies in Africa, Asia and Latin America, and a Senior Advisor for the UNCDF-based Better Than Cash Alliance.